Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has a 3000 years history and is one the oldest continuously practiced medical system in the world. It is used by roughly one fourth of the world’s population for primary health care. It is quite possible that throughout history, more people have been treated by Chinese medicine than by any other formalized system of medicine.
Interpreting the nature of Qi is the cornerstone of Traditional Chinese Medicine. This highly effective system of medical care is based on natural laws which govern the movement of vital life giving energy, both in nature and in the body. This energy, translated as “Qi” or “ Chi”, moves through the body in precise channels (meridians). In health, Qi supports the harmonious functions of the body, mind and spirit. In illness, “Qi” moves with “disharmony”; imbalance begins to surface in the form of specific symptoms. To treat the “disharmony of Qi”, all symptoms are viewed holistically in relationship to the whole person.
Another main key of understanding TCM is to understand the nature of Yin-Yang. Yin correlates to earth, coolness, water, emotions, the feminine and Yang correlates to sky, heat, fire, actions, the masculine. They are complementary opposite energies that cannot exist without each other. In Daoism, which is one of the main fundamental traditions of Chinese Medicine, it is believe that Yin-Yang, which are in constant movement & transformation, create the Universe. It is believed that when Yin-Yang separate, death comes.
TCM also uses the Five Elements to understand nature and human nature. The Five Elements are: WOOD, FIRE, EARTH, METAL & WATER. It is believed that each element is related to a season, to an internal organ and to an emotion. TCM believes that a harmonious relationship between the five elements in the body, creates a balanced relationship with oneself, with others and with nature. It is when the elements go out of harmony that one reaches states of illness.
In TCM we use the Meridian System or Acupuncture Channels. It is believed there are 12 main channels: 6 Yin Channels and 6 Yang Channels. Each meridian is connected to an internal organ:
There are more than 360 acupuncture points or acupoints in the body. Acupoints are energy centers that exist along the path of the meridian or acupuncture channels. They are gateways to the meridian system and to the internal organs. It is through the acupuncture points that an experience practitioner can clear energy, mental or physical stagnations and can help strengthen any deficiencies in the body.
TCM has different kind of treatments. These treatments are chosen depending on the TCM diagnosis of the person. But the main tools are: