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Eight Extraordinary Channels

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22 Nov Eight Extraordinary Channels

EIGHT EXTRAORDINARY CHANNELS

The Eight Extraordinary Channels are very important channels in the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) system of health. The most common known meridian or acupuncture channels in TCM are the 12 main energy channels that are related to the internal organs system:  Lung, Large Intestine, Stomach, Spleen, Heart, Small Intestine, Bladder, Kidney, Pericardium, Triple Burner, Gallbladder & Liver.  But the Eight Extraordinary Channels are deep channels that can treat deep conditions physically, emotionally and spiritually.   They are considered the most constitutional channels and have a close relationships to the Kidneys, Essence and the True Self.

 

The Eight Extraordinary Channels are:

  1. Chong Mai or Penetrating Vessel
  2. Du Mai or Governing Vessel
  3. Ren Mai or Conception Vessel
  4. Dai Mai or Belt Vessel
  5. Yin Wei Mai or Yin Linking Vessel
  6. Yang Wei Mai or Yang Linking Vessel
  7. Yin Qiao Mai or Yin Motility Vessel
  8. Yang Qiao Mai or Yang Motility Vessel

 

Fundamental Qualities of the Eight Extraordinary Channels:  

  • They regulate and influences cycles of 7 & 8 years from the Su Wen, or 10 cycles from the Ling shu, chapter 54, “The Allotted Year of Man’s Life”.
  • They store, distribute, and regulate vital substances (specially Jing and source qi) in the entire body.
  • They control the functions of the 12 primary channels.
  • They are closely related to the Kidneys, Gallbladder, and the Eight Fu organs (Curious Organs): brain, marrow, uterus, bones, blood vessels & gallbladder.
  • The Ren & Du meridians have their own points.  The other six channels share points from the 12 primary channels. The Kidneys & Gallbladder have the most points on their pathways.
  • They have no organs of their own.  The gallbladder is a link between the Curious organs, primary channels and the eight extraordinary channels.
  • Each channel has a master or command point. These points stimulate the Eight Extraordinary Channels pathways.
  • Each channel has a common paired channel.
  • The Wei & Qiao can clear stagnations or excesses.
  • A unique insight of Chinese culture is that the body-emotions-spirit is an inseparable whole.  It is for the practitioner to convert physical pathology and conditions to their corresponding emotional, psychological and spiritual qualities.

 

 

CHONG MAI or PENETRATING VESSEL

 Chong Mai, also called The Sea of Blood, is the first channel that is created in the body when we are conceived.  It represents the unfolding of the Tao.  Tao means “The Way”, “The Way of Life”.  It is the origin of life, the creator, but at the same time it is the creation itself.  From the Tao, Yin-Yang are created.  From the one comes the two. Out of a single force, a polarized force is created, Yin-Yang is a polarized force that creates movement.  When Yin-Yang is differentiated, then form is created and all life as we know it.  This unfolding of one/Tao, to two/Yin-Yang, also occurs inside the body, and it is represented through the Eight Extraordinary Channels.  We can see this in the Tai Chi Symbol.  The curve is the Chong Meridian, from it, Yin & Yang are born, the white and black colors inside the circle.  From the Chong Meridian, all channels are created, so it can influence all of them.  The Chong is the unfolding of the genetic code, it holds the content of all the family lineage.  This is contained in the substance Jing.

 

Jing represents the Self, your core nature.  If you don’t like yourself, your ancestors or lineage, or desire to be someone else, you do not like your Jing. This creates an imbalance, which can influence deep, core aspects of your life.  Acceptance of Self, ancestors and genetics is the beginning of deep healing and harmony.  This dissolves a deep polarity in you, which will bring harmony in all aspects your life.1.

 CHONG influences:

  • Big toe, feet, legs,
  • Uterus
  • Lumbar region, abdomen, chest
  • Heart
  • Breasts
  • Throat, face, head
  • Kidneys & genitals

CHONG holds:

  • Jing
  • Blood
  • Yuan Qi

CHONG treats:

  • Blood conditions
  • Infertility
  • Impotence
  • Irregular menses
  • Abdominal pain
  • Asthma
  • Dyspnea
  • Atrophy of leg

MASTER POINT:  SP4

COUPLED POINT: PC6

 

 

REN MAI OR CONCEPTION VESSEL

Ren Meridian, also called as The Sea of Yin, is related to the Yin aspects of the body, which are the bones, tendons, muscles, organs, blood, fluids and Jing.  The Ren Meridian is related to bonding.  How we bond with our family, specially our parents. When a child is born, he/she relates to the mother from the front side of her body. This bonding area is the Ren Channel Pathway.  The child seeks nourishment not only as food, but also in emotional, physical and spiritual qualities.  These qualities are imprinted in the child by the condition of the mother.  There is a transfer from mother to child.  This can be done in a healthy way, or there can be excess or deficiency of bonding.  Bonding includes feelings of belonging, to family but also to the whole, to be complete.   This knowledge can be a guide to understanding choices of relationships and the basis of changing patterns.  The goal is to seek to cultivate to bond to our Yuan Shen, our original nature, and with the Tao. 2

Excess Yin:  stagnation, overweight, unhealthy accumulation, not being able to let go, phlegm, damp, masses, fibroids.

Deficiency Yin:  dryness, empty heat, not satisfied in life, unhappy, empty, malnourished, not belonging, desire to be nourished.

REN influences:

  • Gentials & Uterus
  • Abdomen & Lower jiao
  • Thorax & Throat
  • Heart & Lungs
  • Face & Eyes
  • Reproductive system, Menstruation,
  • Fertility, Pregnancy, Menopause

REN Controls:

  • Yin
  • Jing
  • Blood
  • Fluids
  • Damp
  • Phlegm

REN Treats:

  • Stagnations in Lower Jiao
  • Genital & Urinary conditions
  • Nourishes Yin & Essence
  • Calms Shen
  • Vaginitis, Enuresis, Nocturnal emission

MASTER POINT:  LU7

COUPLED POINT: KID6

 

 

DU MAI or GOVERNING VESSEL

The Du Meridian, also called the Sea of Yang, has the energetic qualities of Yang, which are movement, expansion, activity, exploration and independence.  So when a baby starts to walk, he/she is evolving from Yin to Yang.  This Yang experience includes not only walking, but interacting with new people, talking and having new experiences.  This Yang expansion begins with the willpower of the Ming Men or Gate of Vitality, which is the moving Qi between the Kidneys.  If there is a Deficiency, it will be hard for the child to move forward in life.  Self expression is a big part in this Yang expansion.  If there are imbalances in the Du channel, there might be an inability to express oneself.  Du has a desire to unite with Ren Channel, and it has an innate intelligence to bring back to the Ren and the body its experiences, so they can be digested and processed.  This processing allows us to mature, obtain wisdom and develop the ability to make healthy choices. The ability to process obstructions and let go of what is not necessary, while retaining what is beneficial, is essential to living from our spirit. 3

DU influences:

  • Anus, genitalia
  • Back, spine,
  • Occiput, brain, marrow
  • Kidneys
  • Central nervous system

DU controls:

  • Yang
  • Qi
  • Wei Qi
  • Heat
  • Wind
  • Fire
  • Activity
  • Movement

Du treats:

  • Pain, stiffness of the spine
  • Pain in the eyes
  • Headache
  • Epilepsy, convulsions,
  • External wind, cold attacks
  • Infertility
  • Constipation, colic, hemorroids
  • Enuresis

MASTER POINT:  SI3

COUPLED POINT: BL62

 

DAI MAI or BELT CHANNEL

The Dai Meridian or Belt Channel has its name because the pathway of this channel goes around the waist like a belt.  This meridian divides the body in half, top and bottom, and left and right. It is very common for this channel to accumulate any excess that we haven’t been able to process.  This can be physical like dampness, phlegm, or blood that can be manifested as heavy legs, being overweight or having mucus.  But also these accumulations can be emotional.  Being attached to experiences in the past, or to dreams of the future can block a person to experience the here and now in healthy way.  Dampness is the main excess in the Dai Mai, and usually Gallbladder and Liver at involved.  If emotions and stresses are not expresses and released, they can be stored in the Dai Meridian. 4

DAI influences:

  • Gallbladder, liver,
  • Kidney, Bladder
  • Spleen, stomach
  • Uterus

DAI regulates:

  • Qi of Liver, Spleen and Kidneys
  • Qi of Legs, abdomen and hips

DAI treats:

  • Distention and fullness of abdomen
  • Weakness of lumbar region
  • Gynaecological conditions
  • Muscular atrophy
  • Weakness of legs
  • Dampness in Lower Jiao

MASTER POINT:  GB41

COUPLED POINT:  TB5

 

YIN & YANG WEI MAI or YIN & YANG LINKING VESSELS 

“Yang Wei is where all Yang meet and Yin Wei is where all Yin meet” Su Wen, Ling Shu & Nan Ching classic texts.

Wei Channels allow access to the energetic properties of Yang and Yin in the body.  They can access experiences as we age.  They are connected to TIME.  They access issues of the past and the future.  If someone is fixed in their past experiences, then they have a Yin Wei imbalance.  If someone is fixed in their future, then they have a Yang Wei imbalance.  This state of being caught in time, drains our precious substances.  It takes qi, blood and over the long term, Jing to maintain these fixations. Yin is related to form, so if someone is unhappy with the way they look, then they have a Yin Wei imbalance.  Yang is related to action, movement, so if someone is unhappy or unclear in what to do in life then there is a Yang Wei imbalance.  Points in the Wei channels can assist in moving us past stagnations from the past and future.5

 YANG WEI MAI o YANG LINKING VESSEL

 

YANG WEI influences:

  • Lateral aspects of legs, hips
  • Back
  • Head, ears, brain
  • Shaoyang area of head

YANG WEI connects:

  • All yang meridians

YANG WEI treats:

  • Exterior syndroms, chiils, fevers,
  • Conditions of side of body, shoulders,
  • Ear conditions, vertigo
  • Headaches
  • Muscles fatigue, pain, distention of waist
  • Shoayang conditions

MASTER POINT: TB5

COUPLED POINT: GB41

XI CLEFT: GB35

 

YIN WEI or YIN LINKING VESSEL

 

YIN WEI influences:

  • Yin
  • Blood
  • Heart
  • Liver
  • Shen

YIN WEI connects:

  • All yin meridians

YIN WEI treats:

  • Interior syndromes
  • Chest pain
  • Fullness and pain in lateral costal region
  • Hypertension
  • Stomach pain
  • Lumbar pain
  • Psychological conditions
  • Anxiety, fear, hysteria, nightmares, depression

MASTER POINT PC6

COUPLED POINT SP4

XI CLEFT: KID9

 

 

YIN & YANG QIAO MAI or YIN & YANG MOBILITY VESSELS 

 The Qiao Channels are about structure.  They are connected to Wei Qi or Defensive qi and to the sinew channels. A major aspect of the Qiao’s energetic properties is the they deal with current conditions based on past or future influences.  They represent the present moment aspect of time.  The Qiao channels can release pathology from the past that is being experienced in the present moment.  They can also release stresses about the future that are affecting the present moment.  These channels have pathways to the eyes, so they relate to how we look the world, our perception.

  • Yin Qiao:  how I look internally at  myself.
  • Yang Qiao:  how I look out externally to the world.

Qiao channels harmonize Yin-Yang.  They can also polarize each other.  When one side is hyperactive, the other is hypoactive, to maintain a level of harmony in the body.

Yang Qiao Channel energetic properties include your stance and actions in relationship to others. Yin Qiao energetic properties include your stance in relationship to yourself, it reflects self-esteem. 6

 

 YANG QIAO or YANG MOBILITY VESSEL

YANG QIAO influences:

  • Lateral aspect of leg, hips
  • Back
  • Neck, head, eye
  • Brain

YANG QIAO clears:

  • Excess Yang

YANG QIAO treats:

  • Eye conditions
  • Legs conditions
  • Back apin
  • Hemiplegia
  • Epilepsy
  • Insomnia
  • Excess Yang
  • Cerebral bleeding

MASTER POINT: BL62

COUPLED POINT: SI3

XI CLEFT POINT: BL59

 

 YIN QIAO or YIN MOBILITY VESSEL

YIN QIAO influences:

  • Inner aspect of legs
  • Genitals
  • Abdomen
  • Eyes
  • Brain
  • Shen
  • Bladder
  • All yin substances: Yin, blood, fluid, sweat, tears, nodules

YIN QIAO absorbs:

  • Excess Yin

YIN QIAO treats:

  • Legs conditions
  • Lumbar pain
  • Hernia
  • Epilepsy
  • Lethargy
  • Miscarriage
  • Infertility
  • Difficult labour
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Uterine bleeding
  • Eye conditions

MASTER POINT:  KID6

COUPLES POINT: LU7

XI CLEFT POINT: KID8

 

MERIDIAN

MASTER POINT

COUPLED POINT

XI CLEFT POINT

CHONG

SP4

PC6

REN

LU7

KID6

DU

SI3

BL62

DAI

GB41

SJ5

YIN WEI

PC6

SP4

KID9

YANG WEI

SJ5

GB41

GB35

YIN QIAO

KID6

LU7

KID8

YANG QIAO

BL62

SI3

BL59

Bibliography

  1. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.45-53
  2. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.65
  3. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.82
  4. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.138
  5. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.97-118
  6. “Eight Extraordinary Channels, Qi Jing Bai Mai” by Dr. David Twicken DOM, L.Ac.. p.119-135